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Saturday, November 30, 2013

The Analysis Of Code Mixing In Short Story, Kau Cantik Hari Ini By Putik Novanda Sari


CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
A.    Background of Study
Indonesia is a bilingual country. Most of the people are able to speak in two languages: first the mother tongue, second national language. This happens because Indonesia is a multicultural country with diverse cultural and linguistic variations. Someone said bilingual if he mastered two languages ​​well.
Indonesia could also be regarded as a multilingual country, especially in big cities are often in contact with foreign cultures. Most of the population is not only able to speak their mother tongue and the national language, but is also able to speak the foreign language. Multilingual person said if he controls more than two languages ​​well.
The ability to speak two or three languages ​​borns a phenomenon called mixed language code (code mixing). Therefore, it is not possible a polyglot only use one language without affected another language in his life. In bilingual and multilingual societies, events mixed code is a necessity. Those who master several languages ​​would often slip another language in speech activity.
Mixed event code not only in oral form, but also often occurs in the form of writing. Every writer, especially writers who grew up in an urban environment, would never enter the code interfering elements in his works. Whether it be the insertion of words, phrases, clauses, and other such. One example is Putik Novanda Sari, a young writer who published her short story in story magazine, titled Kau Cantik Hari Ini.
Kau Cantik Hari ini tells the story of a woman, Belqis who tries to be perfect in front of someone whom she loves. His name is Rado. But, Angga, Belqis’ friend really does not like with the behaviour and character of Belqis to try to be perfect. He likes Belqis in what she is. He does not care for the bad things of Belqis’ looking. In every case, she is very beautiful in Angga’s eyes.
Finally, Putik Novanda Sari, the author of Kau Cantik Hari Ini short story, arguably quite often interfering incorporate code into the short story. Therefore, I get the title of this research as “The Analysis of Code Mixing in Short Story, Kau Cantik Hari Ini By Putik Novanda Sari”

B.     Formulation of Study
Some problems which formulated for this research are:
a.       What does the code mixing in the short story “Kau Cantik Hari Ini” look like?
b.      How many percentage does the code mixing, especially English word in the story “Kau Cantik Hari Ini” have?
c.       How many similar words does the code mixing, especially English word in the story “Kau Cantik Hari Ini” have?
C.    The Aim of Study
The aim of this research are:
a.       To know the code mixing looked like
b.      To know how many percentage that the code mixing has
c.       To know how many similar words that the code mixing has 
CHAPTER II
THEORETICAL REVIEW
A.    Code Mixing
The concept of code – mixing is used to refer to a more general form of language contact that may include cases of code-switching and the other form of contacts which emphasizes the lexical items. This definition is found in the following excerpt. Pieter Muysken defines that I am using the term code-mixing to refer to all cases where lexical item and grammatical features from two languages appear in one sentence. And John Gumperz defines in code- mixing pieces of one language are used while a speaker is basically using another language.[1]
Code mixing is a mix of code that occurs when conversant uses both languages
together to the extent they change from one language to other in the course of single
utterance.[2]
According to Suwito, in code mixing, we can see the borrowing elements
of sentence from one language to other language. The writer uses two language or more
language to state their thought, instruction, message, and experiment in order to that
readers can receive what the writer has expresses.[3]
In relation to the language and social groups, code mixing is a phenomenon of bilingual or multilingual society. Bilingual or multilingual speakers as involved persons in using two or more languages are involved with two or more cultures, and of course, it is not separated from the result of the language use. The using of two or more languages, personal or social group, commonly named bilingualism or multilingualism. The result can be mentioned as “chaos” of the language system.
Whereas Patteda explained this, term in Indonesian that “Campur kode adalah penggunaan bahasa yang lebih dari satu bahasa yang dengan sengaja atau tidak sengaja dipadukan untuk menaikan status social atau menjaga gengsi penuturnya”. (Code mixing is defined as expressively combined more than one language to increase social status or to keep the speaker’s prestige).[4]
According to Nababan code mixing happens when people mix two languages (or more) languages in such speech act or discourse without any force to do mixing codes. Trudgill in Udoro defined “Code Mixing is as the process whereby speakers indulge in code switching between languages of such rapidity and density, even within sentences and phrases that are not possible to say at any given time which language they are speaking”.[5]
Additionally, in code mixing situation, to keep the speaker’s prestige can be mentioned, because there are no proper words to express the speaker’s mean. Mehmet Celik (La Trobe University, Australia) said that Code-mixing involves the use of an Language 1 word in an Language 2 utterance- a common occurrence in bilingual or immigrant communities.
Different researchers have tried to define the term ‘code’, ‘code-mixing’. Some of the definitions are:[6]
1.      Code will be taken as a verbal component that can be as small as a morpheme or as comprehensive and complex as the entire system of language (Ayeomoni)
2.      Code-mixing refers to the transfer of linguistic units from one language into another and the units may be morphemes, words, phrases, clauses or sentences (Kachru)
3.      Code-mixing is an admixture of linguistic elements of two or more languages system in the same utterances at various levels (Yee Ho)
4.      Code-mixing is the use of two or more linguistic varieties in the same conversation or interaction. (Scotton and Ury)
5.      Code-mixing is the alternate use of two languages in a single discourse. (Paplock)
There by code mixing happened caused interrelationship among role of speaker, Language form, and Language function. Some of code mixing form, that is insertion of word, insertion of phrase, insertion of clause, insertion of idiom or expression, and insertion of form of baster ( alliance forming of genuine and foreign language).[7]


There are some factors, that cause people do code mixing according to Breadsmore. Some of them are:
1.      Bilingualism
It cannot be avoided that the ability to use to speak more than one language is a basic factor of code mixing. Most of the world’s population is bilingual or multilingual.
2.      Speaker and partner speaking
Communication is the process of expressing ideas between two participants of conversation. Speaker needs partner speaking to communicate and code mixing could appear if both use and understand it well.
3.      Social community
An individual lives and cooperates in one community either in monolingual or bilingual community. Now most communities are bilingual that use two languages in their interactions. In this case, an individual will be influenced by social community directly.
4.      Situation
Usually code mixing occurs in relax or informal situation. This situation is closer with daily conversation and for writers is also describe as their habitual communication.
5.      Vocabulary
There is not appropriate word or when there is a lack of vocabulary in one language. The inability to find an appropriate word or expression in one language makes people change the word or phrase from one to another language and it can be combined together.
6.      Prestige
Globalization era has lad people must able to speak more than one language, especially English. For many young people code mixing becomes awn style which is hoped to be modern and educational one. They mix language because of prestige.
Bilingual speakers may utilize code mixing as a marker in group identity in various intra-group bilingual communities. It may occur because speakers want to show their solidarity and familiarity each other. And in principle, code mixing is the mixing from one language into the structure of other language such as word, phrase, clause, and even sentence from a cooperative activity where the participants in order to infer what is intended. In this case code mixing involves components of language such as word, phrase, clause, and even sentence in the same utterance.

B.     Kinds of Code Mixing
According to Siregar, code mixing divided into two kinds, intra-sentential mixing and extra-sentential mixing.
1.      Intra-sentential mixing
Intra-sentential mixing may range from the alternation of single words or phrases to clauses within a single sentence or utterance. Some examples of code mixing in English- Indonesia language will be described as follow:
·         Aku benar-benar busy hari ini. (Busy as code mixing of word in the sentence)
·         Semalam, maaf aku enggak bisa datang ke pestamu, because I have many duties. (because I have many duties as code mixing of clause)
·         Tinggal follows up di dalam nanti. (Follow up as code mixing of phrase in the sentence).
The sentence codes mixing in this study are in the following form:
1.      Declarative. Frank says that in declarative, the subject and predicate
have normal word order. The sentence ends with period in writing and drop
in pitch in speech.
For Example: “I want to sleep now. Capek gara-­gara tadi pagi.
2.      Interrogative Interrogative includes yes/no question, WH question, and subject
question (Mas’ud, 1987: 9).
For Example: “Yan, baju yang kamu pilih ap? Green or blue?
3.      Imperative. Imperative sentence usually contain the imperative of a verb. A
jesperson (Essentials of English Grammar, p 294) observes, “
The imperative
is used in request which according to circumstances may range from brusque
commands to humble entreaties, the tone generally serving as key to the
exact meaning.
For Example: “Hurry up!! Aku mau pake motornya”
Based on the example above, it can be seen that those are code mixing sentences with single word, single clause, and single phrase.

2.      Extra-sentential mixing
Normally extra-sentential mixing occurs between sentences. Because it occurs at sentence boundaries, it requires less complex syntactic interaction between two languages involved in code mixing.
According to Sujana and Sri Hartati, code Mixing divided in two kinds;
a.       Inner Code Mixing is that stemming from original language with all variation.
b.      Outer Code Mixing is that stemming from foreign language.
C.    Types of Code Mixing
Code mixing has some form; 1) word insertion (in fixation), 2) phrase insertion, 3) clause insertion, 4) expression/ idiom insertion, and 5) baster insertion (combining of original and foreign language).
Muysken explained more that code mixing is typically divided into three main types – insertion (word or phrase), alternation (clause) and congruent lexicalization (dialect)- and the most common occurrence of code mixing variants in society is insertional code mixing. Muysken suggested that there are three main patterns of intra-sentential code mixing which may be found in bilingual speech community – insertion, alternation, and congruent lexicalization. In another hand, the types of code mixing are:[8]
1.      Insertional Code Mixing
2.      Alternation code mixing
3.      Congruent lexicalization code mixing
The explanations are:
a.       Insertion of material (lexical items or entire constituents) from one language into a structure of the other language. Insertion is the constraint in the terms of structural properties of some base or matrix structure. The process of code mixing is conceived as something skin to borrowing ant the insertion of an alien lexical or phrasal category into a given structure. The difference is simply the size and type of element inserted – noun, adjective, verb, and the like.Here is the ` examples:
Jangan suka nge-claim orang lainlah." (note that "claim" is the English word inserted in the Indonesian utterance).
b.      Alternation between structures from languages. Alternation is the constraint of mixing in terms of compatibility or equivalence of the languages involved at the mix point, and clause. Examples:
Why make Andi sentarse atrás pa’ que everybody has to move pa’ que se salga?  (Why make Andi sit in the back so that everybody has to move for her to get out?)
Teacher            :     What’s your activities at home?
Kasih                :     Activities, e… saya sekarang kan kost pak. Disana gak comfort gitu. No time for study, soalnya pulang sekolah gak bisa istirahat. Banyak kerjaan. Mau tiduran aja ga bisa. Segen sama yang punya rumah.
Teacher             :     Everyday?
Kasih                :     Iya, everyday. Malemnya when I sleepy ya ga bisa belajar. Planning-nya sih mau pindah gitu. Mungkin next month, sir.
c.       Congruent lexicalization of material from different lexical inventories into a shared grammatical structure. It is also the influence of dialect within language use
Example in Netherlands language.
Gee mi een kiss
(Give me a kiss)
Congruent lexicalization, is most often present in mixing between dialects and between languages, which are close to each other in structure.
CHAPTER III
DATA ANALYSIS
DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
There are some unsure of code mixing happened in the short story, Kau Cantik Hari Ini. All of the code mixing can be seen in this table:
No
Sentence
Code Mixing
English
1.
Itu adalah saat pertama kau bertemu  dengan lelaki yang kau yakini sebagai ‘the right man’
3
2.
Right man dari Hongkong?!
2
3.
“Tapi aku cegek waktu dia bilang kalo size-ku nggak sebanding sama yang diliatnya di Facebook,”
1
4.
Lelaki yang katamu right man itu membuatmu cegek dengan statementnya
3
5.
“Kenapa nggak be yourself aja sih?...”
2
6.
“Bukannya nggak be myself nggak...”
2
7.
Dia tadi sempet cerita masalah Papanya yang udah meninggal gara-gara kurang care sama kesehatannya
1
8.
Congratulation, hanya itu yang akhirnya bisa kubisikkan di balik sudut hatiku.
1
9.
Atau kamu menginginkanku melakukan standing applause untuk membuktikan kemenangan yang pernah kau perjuangkan?
2
10.
Tentu saja dengan status berbeda yang kini kau miliki in a relationship with a guy.
6
11.
“Apakah aku pantas dilabeli big liar hanya karena tak menceritakan...”
2
12.
“...seharusnya kamu sendiri yang memegang kendali atas remote controlmu?”
2
13.
“Jadi pada akhirnya kamu sudah menceritakan track recordmu dengan mantan-mantanmu kan?”
2
14.
...hingga membuatmu benar-benar memasang mainstream yang dipasangkan Rado untukmu
1
15.
Kau sodorkan brownies yang katamu adalah buatanmu sendiri sekaligus hasil terbaikmu.
1
16.
Gerahamku rajin mengunyah brownies buatanmu
1
17.
Enak, tapi sepertinya aneh melihatmu tiba-tiba membuatkan brownies untukku, batinku.
1
18.
“Aku pengen bikinin dia kue special pas ulang tahunnya ntar. So sweet kan?”
3
19.
Buat sebagian cowok, kue itu absurd.
1
20.
Dan yang terakhir kau katakan padanya sebelum beranjak dari kursi di hadapannya adalah, “You’re the most important thing, but you’re not only the most important thing”.
15
21.
Aku rela melakukan standing applause buatmu
2
Amount
54

            From that table, we know that there are 54 English words. And for all of words, in that short story, there are 1583 words, including Indonesian and English words. For the amount of percentage, there are 3,4% for English words, and 96,5% for Indonesian words.

We can see this formula :
Percentage for English word                     :  x 100% =...
                                                                  :  x 100% = 3,4%
Therefore,
Percentage for Indonesian word               :  x 100% =...
                                                                  :  x 100% = 96,6%
1.      Itu adalah saat pertama kau bertemu dengan lelaki yang kau yakini sebagai ‘the right man’, from the piece of that sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word the rigth man. In Indonesian, it means lelaki yang tepat. It is including code mixing of phrase insertion.
2.      Right man dari Hongkong?, from the piece of that sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word rigth man. In Indonesian, it means lelaki yang tepat. It is including code mixing of phrase insertion.
3.      “Tapi aku cegek waktu dia bilang kalo size-ku nggak sebanding sama yang diliatnya di Facebook,” from that sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word size. In Indonesian, it means ukuran. It is including code mixing of word insertion.
4.      Lelaki yang katamu right man itu membuatmu cegek dengan statementnya, from that sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word rigth man and statement. If right man, it means lelaki yang tepat and it is including code mixing of phrase insertion, and for statement means pernyataan, it is including code mixing of word insertion.
5.      “Kenapa nggak be yourself aja sih?...” from the piece of that sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word be yourself, it means that jadi dirimu sendiri. It is including code mixing of expression insertion.
6.      “Bukannya nggak be myself nggak...” from the piece of that sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word be myself , it means that jadi diriku sendiri. It is including code mixing of expression insertion.
7.      Dia tadi sempet cerita masalah Papanya yang udah meninggal gara-gara kurang care sama kesehatannya, from that sentence is code mixing derived form of the word care, it means that perhatian. It is including code mixing of word insertion.
8.      Congratulation, hanya itu yang akhirnya bisa kubisikkan di balik sudut hatiku. That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word congratulation, it means that selamat. It is including code mixing of expression insertion.
9.      Atau kamu menginginkanku melakukan standing applause untuk membuktikan kemenangan yang pernah kau perjuangkan? That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word standing applause, it means that tepuk tangan yang meriah. It is including code mixing of phrase insertion.
10.  Tentu saja dengan status berbeda yang kini kau miliki in a relationship with a guy. That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word in relationship with a guy, it means that menjalin hubungan dengan seorang pria. It is including code mixing of phrase insertion.
11.  “Apakah aku pantas dilabeli big liar hanya karena tak menceritakan...” That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word big liar, it means that pembohong besar. It is including code mixing of phrase insertion.
12.  “...seharusnya kamu sendiri yang memegang kendali atas remote controlmu?” That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word remote control, it means that mengendalikan diri. It is including code mixing of phrase insertion.
13.  “Jadi pada akhirnya kamu sudah menceritakan track recordmu dengan mantan-mantanmu kan?” That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word track record, it means that rahasia ingatan. It is including code mixing of phrase insertion.
14.  ...hingga membuatmu benar-benar memasang mainstream yang dipasangkan Rado untukmu. That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word mainstream. It is including code mixing of word insertion
15.  Kau sodorkan brownies yang katamu adalah buatanmu sendiri sekaligus hasil terbaikmu. That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word brownies. It is including code mixing of word insertion.
16.  Gerahamku rajin mengunyah brownies buatanmu. That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word brownies. It is including code mixing of word insertion.
17.  Enak, tapi sepertinya aneh melihatmu tiba-tiba membuatkan brownies untukku, batinku. That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word brownies. It is including code mixing of word insertion.
18.  “Aku pengen bikinin dia kue special pas ulang tahunnya ntar. So sweet kan?” That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word special and so sweet. Special  means khusus, it is including code mixing of word insertion. So sweet means that begitu romantis, it is including code mixing of phrase insertion.
19.  Buat sebagian cowok, kue itu absurd. That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word absurd. It means that tak masuk akal. It is including code mixing of word insertion.
20.  Dan yang terakhir kau katakan padanya sebelum beranjak dari kursi di hadapannya adalah, “You’re the most important thing, but you’re not only the most important thing”. That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word You’re the most important thing, but you’re not only the most important thing. It means that kamu itu adalah hal yang paling penting tapi bukan kamu saja yang paling penting. It is including code mixing of sentence insertion.
21.  Aku rela melakukan standing applause buatmu. That sentence is code mixing derived from English form of the word standing applause, it means that tepuk tangan yang meriah. It is including code mixing of phrase insertion.
From that analysis, we can know that there are three phrases of code mixing is similar especially in poin 1, 2 ang 4 for the word right man, poin 15, 16, 17 for the word brownies and two phrases of code mixing, especially in poin 9 and 21 for the standing applause.
CHAPTER IV
CONCLUSION
Indonesia is a bilingual and multilingual country. Mastering some languages makes someone can not release him/herself from code mixing in speaking and writing, including an author of short story. Code mixing is a mix of code that occurs when conversant uses both languages
together to the extent they change from one language to other in the course of single
utterance
. Code mixing is using more than one language.
In the short story, Kau Cantik Hari Ini, there are 54 words of code mixing. The author uses English word for code mixing. For all of words, in that short story, there are 1583 words, including Indonesian and English words. For the amount of percentage, there are 3,4% for English words, and 96,6% for Indonesian words. Besides that, author uses word, phrase, expression, and sentence insertion of code mixing. The author also uses some similar phrases and words in her short story such as right man, brownies, and standing applause. Therefore, we know that code mixing can happened in many places. Actually not only about speaking, discussion, and telling something to many people, but also in writing. We can do code mixing everywhere. It is the effect of many languages which we know.
APPENDIX
KAU CANTIK HARI INI
Oleh
PUTIK NOVANDA SARI
Ya! Setelah berlalu waktu kutatap mata bulatmu, bibir tebalmu, janggut terbelah gantung seperti bukit, dan semua kesempurnaan yang tak bisa dibandingkan dengan kecantikan yang hari ini terikat kuat dengan simpul mati di dirimu.
Kenapa berkali-kali kukatakan kau cantik hari ini? Karena di hari-hari sebelumnya aku jengah mendengarmu berceracau tentang definisi cantik yang selalu berubah-ubah tiap waktu. Hari sebelumnya kau mengatakan cantik bila berat badanmu bisa diturunkan dua kilo dalam seminggu. Hari kemudian kau katakan dirimu akan menjadi catik bila kau bisa menunjukkan kesetiaanmu pada lelakimu. Di hari selanjutnya, kau mengatakan dirimu cantik bila aktif dalam berbagai kegiatan di sekolah. Bahkan di lain hari, kau mengatakan cantik bila kau bisa menyodorkan makanan kesukaan pacarmu di suatu hari spesial.
Ah, kau memang cantik!
Apa perlu kuingatkan kamu pada satu saat yang pernah kau katakan sebagai momen ajaib? Itu adalah saat pertama kau bertemu  dengan lelaki yang kau yakini sebagai ‘the right man’. Right man dari Hongkong?! Begitu batinku berceletuk saat mendengar ceritamu yang begitu berapi-api.
“Tapi aku cegek waktu dia bilang kalo size-ku nggak sebanding sama yang diliatnya di Facebook,” kemudian kau tekuk wajahmu setelah megucapkan bagian ini.
Taukah kamu Bel? Rasanya aku bener-bener ingin ngakak denger pengakuanmu. Dunia maya bener-bener sudah menyumbangkan kebohongan publik terbesar di dunia. Dan kamu adalah salah satu korbannya.
Lelaki yang katamu right man itu membuatmu cegek dengan statementnya. Dan aku, ikut-ikutan cegek pula karena mendengar kamu yang memutuskan  untuk diet ketat demi satua alasan. Dia!
Mungkin kalau kamu mengatakan padaku bahwa keinginanmu pergi ke gym lebih karena untuk membuat tubuhmu tak terlihat seperti karung beras berjalan, aku masih bisa terima itu. Tapi saat kamu katakan bahwa satu-satunya alasanmu adalah demi merebut hatinya, aku kecewa! Aku seolah bertemu dengan gadis bodoh yang sudah benar-benar buta karena cinta. Cinta? Ah! Mungkin pertemuan sekejapmu dengannya masih terlalu muda untuk disebut cinta.
“Kenapa nggak be yourself aja sih? Rugi dong Kartini memperjuangkan hak kalian!” begitu aku memprotes langkah bodohmu. Ingin menyadarkan perempuan yang bener-bener udah kepelet dengan cowok pujaannya yang menurutku malah lebih tepat disebut cowok metroseksual.
“Bukannya nggak be myself nggak. Cuman memang bener juga apa yang dibilang Rado tadi...” sekedar informasi, Rado itu nama cowok yang sudah bikin Belqis bener-bener berkepribadian ganda. “... kalo jadi cewek itu gak boleh grudak gruduk. Cewek kudu sebagaimana kodratnya. Anggun, feminim, pokoknya yangbener-bener cewek lah. Kalo masalah ke gym itu, juga karena alasan yang dibilangnya masuk akal juga. Intinya, dia tadi sempet cerita masalah Papanya yang udah meninggal gara-gara kurang care sama kesehatannya,” kamu menjelaskan membuatku tak bisa mengambil keputusan, apakah harus memakimu sebagai perempuan yang bisa dengan begitu mudahnya didoktrin hanya karena sebuah program bernama cinta, atau diam saja sekedar ingin menunjukkan padamu kalau aku mengahrgai keputusanmu.
***
Tiga bulan sudah aku tak memuaskan mata dengan tawa renyahmu, cukup pula untuk membuatku kagok saat setelah tiga bulan itu aku kembali melihatmu. Bersama Rado tentunya yang kini telah menjadi pacarmu. Lenganmu menggamit manja lengannya. Dan matamu, lelah tapi entah bagaimana aku bisa mengatakan kalau kamu menikmati payah yang bergelayut di tubuhmu itu. Congratulation, hanya itu yang akhirnya bisa kubisikkan di balik sudut hatiku. Atau kamu menginginkanku melakukan standing applause untuk membuktikan kemenangan yang pernah kau perjuangkan?
Pertama, kamu sukses membuang lemak-lemak yang dulu bergelambir membentuk lipatan di perutmu saat kamu duduk. Kedua, kamu sukses merebut hati Rado, seperti prinsip yang selalu kau banggakan selama ini, bahwa kau takkan pernah gagal untuk mendapatkan apa yang kamu mau. Termasuk dalam urusan cowok.
Selanjutnya aku berkesempatan berbincang lagi denganmu. Tentu saja dengan status berbeda yang kini kau miliki in a relationship with a guy. Aku melihatmu lebih dewasa dari umurmu seharusnya. Apa karena kamu berpacaran dengan anak kuliahan? Hingga selanjutnya menjadikan pola pikirmu turut terintervensi dengan teori yang sebenarnya masih terlalu jauh untuk kau salami.
Kau melipat kakimu ala Cleopatra. Sungguh kontras dengan dulu, Belqis yang tadinya kukenal adalah gadis semrawut yang bahkan tak peduli merk bedak apa yang akan dipakai untuk ke sekolah, dan juga gadis dengan gaya bahasa urakan yang sesekali mengumpat ketika suatu hal tak berjalan sesuai dengan keinginanmu.
“Apakah aku pantas dilabeli big liar hanya karena tak menceritakan sebagian masa laluku ke dia?” kau tiba-tiba menodongku untuk memberikan pertimbangan dari pernyataanmu barusan. Sepertinya kau dan pacarmu itu sedang bermasalah, bagitu batiku menyimpulkan apa yang terjadi padamu waktu itu.
“Bukankah itu hakmu untuk mengatakannya atau tidak bukankah seharusnya kamu sendiri yang memegang kendali atas remote controlmu?” aku menjawab pertanyaanmu.
“Nggak! Tadinya aku pun berpikir seperti itu! Tapi kenyataannya untuk memulai suatu hubungan secara dewasa, pasangan kita berhak atau tau tentang siapa kita di masa lalu sehingga tak ada yang merasa dibohongi,” nadamu sedikit meninggi. Apakah kalimat yang kau akui barusan benar datang dari olah pikirmu, atau muncul hanya demi menhindari konfrontasi?
Kalau saja, aku punya hak untuk marah, ini kedua kalinya aku ingin memaki kebodohanmu. Tapi utnuk apa aku mengkambinghitamkan kebodohanmu kalau pada akhirnya justru itu yang membuatmu merasa bahagia. “Jadi pada akhirnya kamu sudah menceritakan track recordmu dengan mantan-mantanmu kan?” kamu mengangguk mendengar pernyataanku. Aku kembali bertanya. “Lalu apa yang jadi masalahmu saat ini?”
“Aku merasa tidak cukup cantik untuknya. Aku merasa apa yang dikatakannya tentang definisi cantik emang benar. Aku memang cantik, tapi untuk apa kecantikan itu kalau kenyataannya aku nggak lebih dari penipu?”
Hey! Kamu bukan penipu! Kamu tak layak disebut penipu hanya karena lupa menceritakan masa lalumu. Ah! Aku makin tak mengerti  apa esensi hubungan ini bagimu, hingga membuatmu benar-benar memasang mainstream yang dipasangkan Rado untukmu.
Rado benar kalau dia mengatakan bahwa kecantikan tak hanya dinilai dari fisik. Dan sekarangpun aku jadi sependapat dengan Rado yang menilaimu jauh dari cantik. Tapi alasanku beda dengannya, bagiku kecantikanmu tiba-tiba lenyap karena kamu dengan begitu mudahnya membelokkan arah kemudimu hanya karena terpengaruh prinsip orang lain. Kau lebih tidka cantik lagi kalau terus-terusan memaki dirimu sebagai penipu dan menjadikanmu saklek di tempatmu berada. Kau benar-benar jauh dari kata cantik!
***
“Angga!” kulihat matamu berkilat ketika kubuka pintu rumahku. Kau dan sepiring brownies di tanganmu. “Nih...” kau sodorkan brownies yang katamu adalah buatanmu sendiri sekaligus hasil terbaikmu.
“Hmm...” gerahamku rajin mengunyah brownies buatanmu. Matamu kau pamerkan dengan begitu manja di hadapanku. Kau menungguku selesai mengunyah, untuk kemudian kau harapkan memberimu respon atas kue buatanmu itu.
Enak, tapi sepertinya aneh melihatmu tiba-tiba membuatkan brownies untukku, batinku. “Kalau enak, aku akan nyoba resep baru, dan kamu adalah orang pertama yang wajib mencicipinya!” sepertinya kamu sukses menangkap ekspresi di wajahku yang keenakan merasakan hasil karya perdanamu, hingga kamu langsung saja menodong untuk meminjam lidahku.
Pasti Rado. Aku menebak dalam hati, sebuah alasan yang membuatmu begitu menggebu melakukan ini semua. Ini sama persis seperti apa yang kamu lakukan ketika kamu bersikukuh dengan pendapatmu waktu lalu bahwa kamu memang benar-benar perlu pergi ke gym.
“Aku pengen bikinin dia kue special pas ulang tahunnya ntar. So sweet kan?”
“Kenapa harus kue?” keningku berkerut. Kenapa harus kue? Aku engulang kembali pertanyaan itu di kepalaku. Buat sebagian cowok, kue itu absurd. Memang kelihatan sempurna, tapi kesempurnaannya nggak bertahan lama, karena toh pada akhirnya akan berakhir di jambang.
“Tapi dengan kue itu, kita bisa nunjukkin kalau kita adalah perempuan sebenarnya. Bahwa kita bukan hanya wanita jaman yang tergilas modernisasi hingga akhirnya lupa akan kodratnya sebagai wanita. Saat itulah, kita bisa menunjukkan sisi cantik yang lain dari diri kita.”
Lagi-lagi definisi cantik yang kamu jadikan tameng sebagai alibi atas pembenaran dari pilihanmu. Kenapa kau harus sibuk dengan definisi cantik? Ingin kuteriakkan pertanyaan itu di telingamu, tapi pasti kau akan menjawab dengan jawaban-jawaban yang sudah bisa kuduga sebelumnya, bahwa dengan memahami definisi dari satu permasalahan, kita baru akan bisa melihat masalah itu lebih jauh.
Dan saat kutanya bagaimana bisa kamu berpikir dengan memberinya kue maka kemudian sisi cantikmu akan terpancar, kau katakan bahwa kau membenarkan pernyataan Rado yang secara garis besar tak terlalu berbeda dengan apa yang tadi kau jelaskan padaku.
Aku menyerah! Kenapa semua harus sejalan dengan pemikiran Rado? Tidak adakah sebuah prinsip yang kau hasilkan dari perenunganmu sendiri?
***
Dan datanglah hari ini. Saat kamu tiba-tiba datang padaku dengan mata sembabmu. Kau bercerita panjang lebar bahwa semalam kau baru bisa memejamkan mata setelah puas memeras matamu hingga subuh. Kau menceritakan akhir hubunganmu yang menurutmu begitu tragis, setelah banyak hal yang selama ini kau lakukan demi dia. Aku begitu srius mendengarkan ceritamu hingga aku menyadari, inilah kecantikanmu sebenarnya. Mata sembab, wajah pucat, dan tawa miris itu yang mempertontonkan kencatikanmu sendiri.
Bukan!bukan karena aku senang melihatmu akhirnya sadar, tapi kata-kata yang telah kau lontarkan pada Rado ditambah keberanianmu mengambil keputusan yang membuat sisi cantik itu terpancar dari dirimu. Katamu, kau telah mengatakan padanya bahwa kau lelah terus-terusan meyakinkannya bahwa kamu mencintainya dengan menunjukkan hal-hal yang dianggapnya cantik. Kau mengatakan padanya, bahwa seandainya hubunganmu masih terus berlanjut, yang kau lakukan adalah bertanggung jawab atas hubunga kalian.
Bukannya terus mati-matian mencari cara utnuk meyakinkannya atas cintamu. Dan yang terakhir kau katakan padanya sebelum beranjak dari kursi di hadapannya adalah, “You’re the most important thing, but you’re not only the most important thing”. Aha! Kamu tau? Aku ingin sekali berteriak, “Gue suka gaya lo!” saat mendengar kalimat terakhimu padanya. Untuk yang ini, aku rela melakukan standing applause buatmu, karena kau rela meninjau ulang kelaziman yang pernah dipasangkan Rado dalam kepalamu.
Kau sudah berputar-putar salam labirin ‘definisi cantik’ dan kau berakhir di ujung labirin dengan pintu keluar bahwa cantik adalah definisi itu sendiri, bahwa cantik adalah ketika seorang berhasil keluar dari patokan yang diciptakan orang lain, dan menciptakan patokan untuk dirinya sendiri. Bahwa cantik adalah esensi, bukan eksistensi. Dan kau sudah mengamininya lewat keputusanmu atas Rado. Dengan bangga kukatakan, “Kau cantik hari ini, Belqis...
REFERENCES
Abdul Chaer  dan  Leonie   Agustine.  1995. “Sosiolinguistik, Perkenalan Awal”. Rineka Cipta, Jakarta.
Bokamba, Eyamba G. 1995,“Code-Mixing, Language Variation and LinguisticTheory” Evidence from Bantu Languages”, Lingua 76. 1988
Harimurti, Kridalaksana. 2001. ”Kamus Linguistik”. PT Gramedia Pustaka. Jakarta.
Nababan, PWJ. 1984, ”Sosiolinguistik”, PT Gramedia, Jakarta.
Suwito, 1983”Sosiolinguistik, Teori dan Problema”, Henary Offset, Surakarta.
Wardaugh, Ronald. 1998. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. New York: Brasil Blackwell.
WEBSITES




[2] Ronald Wardaugh. 1998. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. New York: Brasil Blackwell. P.106

[3] Suwito, 1983”Sosiolinguistik, Teori dan Problema”, Henary Offset, Surakarta. P. 42

1 comment:

  1. mba aku mau tanya, breadsmore itu judul bukunya apa ya ?

    ReplyDelete

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